Main Article Content
Introduction: Road traffic accidents take away the right to life of 3,000 people every day worldwide. This is a global humanitarian disaster, it is man-made and preventable. Accidents are a drain on the national economy and may lead to disablement, death, damage to health and property, social suffering and general degradation of the environment. India had earned the dubious distinction of having more number of fatalities due to road accidents in the world. Road safety is emerging as a major social concern around the world, especially in India.
Materials and Methods: The prospective observational study was carried out on 1000 RTA cases presented in MYH trauma centre, INDORE from May 2018 to April 2019. All patients of roadside accidents presenting to trauma centre underwent a detailed history taking including general examination after their primary management.
Results: Out of 1000 cases 277 were fatal, 385 were considered under grievously injured & 338 cases had a simple injury. Among the fatalities, 32 cases were brought dead. The vehicle majorly found to be involved in the RTAs were 2-wheeler (76.90%), 3-wheeler (3.35%), 4-wheeler (6.2%) and others (13.6%). Out of total no of accident cases of 2 wheelers (769), only 27.1% person was using the helmet and 72.6% persons were not using the helmet. In the comparison of the severity of the injury and use of helmet, among the total no of fatality in 2 wheelers, 36% fatal injury occurred in person not wearing the helmet.
Conclusion: Road Traffic Accident problem is increasingly becoming a public health problem. The result not only in death but disability among survivors who can burden to the society. RTA victims predominantly belonged to the younger age group.
Trivedi CR. Epidemiology of fatal accidents. Indian Journal of Surgery. 1981; 43(2-3):171-174.
WHO. Regional Office for Europe, “Psychosocial factors related to accidents in childhood and adolescence, Report on a WHO technical group, (Euro reports & study no. 46), 1981;6.
Alma-Ata. Primary Health Care, Geneva, WHO, (“Health for all” series no. 1); 1978.
Wang L, Ning P, Yin P, Cheng P, Schwebel DC, Liu J, Zhou M. Road traffic mortality in China: analysis of national surveillance data from 2006 to 2016. The Lancet Public Health. 2019;4(5):e245-e255.
Singh D, Singh SP, Kumaran M, Goel S. Epidemiology of road traffic accident deaths in children in Chandigarh zone of North West India. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2016;6(3):255-260.
Grattan E, Keigan ME. Patterns and severity of injury in a hospital sample; a paper read at the Fifth International Conference of the International Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine, London; 1975.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Statistics of Road Traffic Accidents in Europe; 1973, New York, United Nations; 1974.
Pathak SM, Jindal AK, Verma AK, Mahen A. An epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Medical Journal Armed Forces India. 2014;70(1):32-35.
Muthukumar T, Singh Z, Prasad V, Samuel AK, Raja TK. An epidemiological study of road traffic accidents among patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2018;5(8):3362-3367.
Norman LG. Road Traffic Accidents – Epidemiology, Control and Prevention Public Health Paper–12, WHO. 1962;7.
Romer CJ, Manciaux M. Accidents in childhood & adolescence: A priority problem worldwide, In Accidents in Childhood & Adolescence, WHO. 1991;1.
WHO. Technical Report Series, No. 118, Accidents in childhood – Facts as a basis for prevention, report of an advisory group; 1957.
Waller JA. Accident prevention: The role of research, In “Accidents in Childhood & Adolescence”, WHO. 199;191.
Baker SP, O'Neill B, Karpf RS. The Injury Fact Book. Lexington Books, D.C. Health and Company/Lexington, Massachusetts/ Toronto; 1984.
Berfenstam R, et al. Prevention of accidents in childhood – A symposium in the series of congresses and conferences celebrating the 500th anniversary of Uppsala University, held at the Department of Social Medicine, University Hospital,; 1977.
Hogarth J, Glossary of Health Care Terminology, WHO, Copenhagen; 1978.
Trivedi CR. Emotional factors in Accidents; The Clinical Reporter. 1978;II(8).
Clarke DD, Forsyth R, Wright R. Behavioural factors in accidents at road junctions: The use of a genetic algorithm to extract descriptive rules from police case files. Accid Anal Prev (ENGLAND). 1998; 30(2):223-34.